ASER Centre

Evidence for action

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Improving literacy and math instruction at scale in India’s primary schools: The case of Pratham’s Read India program

Pratham's Read India initiative is a large scale intervention to improve basic reading and arithmetic among children in primary school. It was started over ten years ago and has evolved considerably over time. Rukmini Banerji and Madhav Chavan examine this decade long journey of efforts to change teaching and learning at the ground level as well as efforts to bring about significant shifts in priority at the system level. The “Read India” case presented here contributes knowledge on strategies under which effective pedagogy can be brought to scale. It also discusses challenges of transforming instructional change in a context of low initial capacity at the school and system levels, where attention to rapid expansion of access to school had kept aside for a long time critical questions about teaching quality and learning outcomes.

Access the article here

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Second Chance Programs in South Asia

Written by Pratham CEO Rukmini Banerji, this paper was commissioned by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report as background information to assist in drafting their 2015 report. The paper reviews the policy frameworks and challenges relevant to provision of second chance programs to youth in South Asia. The paper also presents some case studies of Second Chance programs in the region and identifies key challenges for the post 2015 agenda. Access the report here

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Teachers and Teacher Performance in Bihar: Implications for Teacher Education

Directorate of Research and Training, Government of Bihar, Patna and State Council of Educational Research and Training, Bihar, Patna in partnership with ASER Centre and Pratham conducted a study titled, 'Enhancing Teacher Effectiveness in Bihar Operation' aimed at improving teacher capacity for better classrooms in the schools of Bihar. Access the report here

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Mobilising Community for Better Teaching & Learning Outcomes : Field Experiments in Rural Schools

'Claiming India from Below', edited by Vipul Mudgal, brings participation and communication in governance and policymaking to the centre stage; examines case studies of state and citizen engagement from across India; and presents perspectives of practitioners, activists and scholars to provide a comprehensive view of the debates surrounding the idea of Indian democracy. Rukmini Banerji, in her chapter titled, ' Mobilising Community for Better Teaching and Learning Outcomes' explains why it is important to challenge our assumption of 'schooling must lead to learning'. She highlights the ASER survey as a case study to showcase how citizen-led efforts can help improve children's learning, and how that can lead to action.

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How Do Systems Respond to Disruptive Pedagogic Innovations? The Case of Pratham in Bihar

As enrollment levels have risen in developing countries, new challenges have surfaced in elementary education. Data and experience from the field strongly suggests that children are not learning. On the one hand, more and more children are coming into school and staying longer. On the other hand, what they are learning in school is woefully inadequate. This paper tracks the recent journey of an effort aimed at raising basic learning outcomes of children in Bihar.

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Improving Student's Learning with Correct Feedback: A Model Proposed for Classroom Utility

In the International Journal of Education and Psychological Research (IJEPR) (Volume 3, Issue 4, December 2014), Dr Aditi Banerjee writes to build perspective within the education system on the effect of feedback on student's learning.

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The Challenges of Implementing Assessment to Improve Learning - the Latest Report from the Learning Metrics Task Force

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With children's learning outcomes taking centre stage, countries and citizens will have to go back to the drawing board to think about what, how, and who to measure; and how these measurements will lead to improvements in learning. In a blog post for NORRAG NEWSBite, Dr Rukmini Banerji reflects on the challenges involved.   

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From Invisible to Visible...Being Able to 'See' the Crisis in Learning

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"How can such a huge gap remain invisible? Given the realities on the ground, what, then, can be the most useful and visible form of assessment that can help people in understanding and facing whether children are learning? How can the assessment lead to the next level of action for improving the situation?". Dr Rukmini Banerji answers these questions in her post on the Brookings Institution blog.   

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Thinking Differently About Access : Learning Curve

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An article by Dr Suman Bhattacharjea in Issue XXI of Learning Curve, a publication of Azim Premji University. This issue focuses on the theme of empowerment through responsible citizenry by involving the community in the process, of methods used to facilitate collaborative learning by getting students and teachers to jointly examine their problems and concerns, of attitudinal changes enabled through dialogue. Read Dr Bhattacharjea's piece here. The entire issue can be found here.

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Searching for the ‘silver bullet’: What works in improving children’s learning outcomes?

Dr Rukmini Banerji explores the various theories of change and associated implementation strategies that are currently at work for improving the status of learning in schools. She discusses the challenges of balancing and prioritising the different theories of change, and translating them into practice on scale. Read the article here.

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The Right to Learn: Community Participation in improving learning

The recently-published report by Save The Children includes chapters on ASER in India, Pakistan, and UWEZO. Dr Rukmini Banerji writes about ASER in India in Chapter 6. Get the full report here.

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Asking More: The Path to Efficacy

As an important voice in the global conversation on improving learning outcomes, Dr Rukmini Banerji tells the story of ASER in Pearson's latest publication, 'Asking More : Path to Efficacy'. Read her article titled, From Schooling to Learning: ASER's Journey in India, page 43.

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EduDebate: Are Goals for Universal Literacy Within Our Reach?

The World Innovation Summit for Education (WISE), an initiative of Qatar Foundation, held an online debate that was kicked off by four leading experts in the field, including ASER Centre's Rukmini Banerji. Read more here

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From Schooling to Learning in India: How can we take everyone along?

A blog post by Rukmini Banerji and Madhav Chavan for the Education Week blog on International Perspectives on Education Reform. The authors offer a compelling case for the use of literacy and numeracy assessments as tools to understand progress and gaps in student learning in India. Read the post here 

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Leading Educational Change: Global issues, challenges, and lessons on whole-system reform

Dr Madhav Chavan and Dr Rukmini Banerji contributed a chapter titled "The bottom up push for quality education in India" to this book, edited by Helen Janc Malone and published by Teachers College Press in September 2013. More about the book here

Read their chapter here.  Reprinted by permission of the Publisher. From Helen Janc Malone, ed., Leading Educational Change: Global Issues, Challenges and Lessons on Whole-System Reform. New York: Teachers College Press.  ©2013 by Teachers College, Columbia University. All rights reserved. Please contact Eurospan (http://www.eurospanbookstore.com/tcp) to place an order for this TCP title

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Translating the 'Right to Education': Assumptions and realities

Published by Ideas for India, this article by Suman Bhattacharjea and Wilima Wadhwa argues that the RTE Act focuses on inputs in the schooling process and teaching the prescribed curriculum, but has little to say about learning outcomes of children. The article argues that educational policy needs to be more in line with ground realities. Read more here

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Progress through Primary School in Rural India: Evidence from a longitudinal study

Suman Bhattacharjea, Wilima Wadhwa and Purnima Ramanujan use evidence from the ASER survey and from a longitudinal study of Std 2 and 4 children in India to examine some key assumptions underlying the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act (RTE). This paper was presented at the UK International Conference on Education and Development, Oxford, 10-12 September 2013.  Read the full paper

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The Birth of ASER

An article by Rukmini Banerji for Issue XX of Learning Curve, a publication of Azim Premji University. The issue focused on 'Assessment in school education'. Read Rukmini's piece here; the entire issue can be downloaded here

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The Annual Status of Education Report (ASER)

Article by ASER Centre Directors Rukmini Banerji, Suman Bhattacharjea and Wilima Wadhwa published in a Special Issue of Research in Comparative and International Education on 'The Globalization of Assessment: A forum on international tests of student performance' (Vol 8, No.3, 2013). The article provides an overview of the evolution of the ASER survey, its objectives, methodology, implementation, and impact.  Read the article.

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Schooling Is Not Education: Using Assessment to Change the Politics of Non-Learning: Centre for Global Development

A report of the Center for Global Development Study Group on measuring learning outcomes, co-chaired by Rukmini Banerji and Lant Pritchett. Read the full report.

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Toward Universal Learning: What Every Children Should Learn

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UNESCO, through its Institute for Statistics (UIS) and the Center for Universal Education (CUE) at  Brookings Institution, have co-convened the Learning Metrics Task Force (LMTF), with Rukmini Banerji as co-chair.

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With the objective of shifting the focus of global education debates from access to 'access + learning', the task force makes recommendations to help countries and international organisations measure and improve learning outcomes for children and youth worldwide.

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The final Phase I recommendations are presented in its first report titled, Toward Universal Learning: What Every Child Should Learn, which presents a framework for what every child  should learn and be able to do by the time they reach post-primary age. Read the report here.

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Centre For Education Innovations

ASER Centre, New Delhi finds a mention on the Center For Education Innovations forum. The write-up explains our mission, methodology and programmes over the last eight years. Click here to read more. 

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