This section provides a brief overview of the ASER survey. Click on the links provided for more information on any topic.
ASER stands for Annual Status of Education Report. This is an annual survey that aims to provide reliable annual estimates of children’s schooling status and basic learning levels for each state and rural district in India. ASER has been conducted every year since 2005 in almost all rural districts of India. See the ASER over the years page for details of coverage each year.
ASER is the largest citizen-led survey in India. It is also the only annual source of information on children’s learning outcomes available in India today.
Unlike most other large-scale learning assessments, ASER is a household-based rather than school-based survey. This design enables all children to be included – those who have never been to school or have dropped out, as well as those who are in government schools, private schools, religious schools or anywhere else.
In each rural district, 30 villages are sampled. In each village, 20 randomly selected households are surveyed. This process generates a total of 600 households per district, or about 300,000 households for the country as a whole. Approximately 600,000 children in the age group 3-16 who are resident in these households are surveyed.See the Sampling page for more information.
ASER tools and procedures are designed by ASER Centre, the research and assessment arm of Pratham. The survey itself is coordinated by ASER Centre and facilitated by the Pratham network. It is conducted by close to 30,000 volunteers from partner organizations in each district. All kinds of institutions partner with ASER: colleges, universities, NGOs, youth groups, women’s organizations, self help groups and others. See the Partners page for more information.
After district level training, a team of two surveyors is assigned to each sampled village, where they spend two days (usually Saturday and Sunday) conducting the survey. See the Survey process tab for information on the steps involved as well as the instructions, tools and formats provided.
Three key processes go into ensuring data quality. These are: training of surveyors, monitoring while the survey is in the field, and recheck of information already collected. These processes are intensively reviewed and strengthened each year. See the Data Quality tab for more details.
Read our Frequently Asked Questions, available in English
·ASER reports from 2005 on are available online, here
·ASER data from 2005 onwards can be queried online, here
·The ASER model has been adapted for use in several countries around the world: Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Pakistan, Mali, Senegal and Mexico. Read more on the ASER Abroad page, here.